You should visit the city of Florence at least once in your life. This beautiful and picturesque place is considered to be the historic and artistic centre of the region of Tuscany and in the period between 1865 and 1871, it was even the capital of Italy.
With over one million visitors every year, this marvellous city is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the country. Many people go there to discover why Florence is considered one of the world’s cradles of art and architecture.
The evolution of the city’s history can be especially appreciated in its impressive monuments that reflect the exquisiteness and elegance of the various artistic movements that were born and developed in Florence.
Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore:
This majestic cathedral is located in Plaza del Duomo and is classified as one of the best representatives of the first Italian Renaissance.
Many recognise this cathedral by its huge dome, a masterpiece designed by the architect, Filippo Brunelleschi. The dome’s interior is adorned by images reminiscent of the “Final Judgment” inspired by Dante’s “Divine Comedy” and from the top of the dome, you can see the best views of the city of Florence.
The Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore is considered one of the biggest churches in the world and, due to its historical value, in 1982 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Ponte Vecchio is another place you must see if you visit Florence. This medieval bridge, first made of wood and later completely rebuilt with stone has witnessed many years of Florentine history.
The story goes that it was first built in 150 A.C. and, since then, it has been rebuilt on numerous occasions due to the wars that have taken place there and many natural disasters that have destroyed it.
Since its early days, this bridge has been a popular place to visit because it is surrounded by all kinds of businesses. Nowadays, many jewellery shops and boutiques add to its great attraction.
The Palazzo Vecchio is another monument that you must visit while in Florence It was built between 1299 and 1314 and, nowadays, this building is a symbol of the city.
It was originally built in order to protect the city’s important figures and, over the years, its use has changed from being the government headquarters to becoming a popular centre among tourists visiting Florence.
The Palazzo Vecchio houses many works of art and one of the city’s iconic buildings: The Tower of Arnolfo. It was built in the year 1310 and has a height of around 94 metres. An interesting fact about this tower is that it has a clock in the middle that was put there in 1667 and still works correctly.
The Uffizi Galleries:
When talking about works of art, Florence’s Uffizi Galleries have one of the oldest collections in the world.
In its early days, some parts of this palace served to house the Médici family’s magnificent art collection and in 1765, it officially opened its doors as a museum to the public. Over the years, the amount of visitors increased until it became one of the most important galleries in the world, containing a wide representation of 14th century renaissance art.
The galleries are organised chronologically and can be visited in this order if you start on the second floor. They include works by great artists like Botticelli, Rafael, Giotto, Tiziano, Leonardo Da Vinci and Miguel Ángel.
If you are in Florence you can’t miss a visit to the Galleria dell’Accademia. Since 1873, this museum has been home to one of the masterpieces of the Renaissance: the famous statue, David, by Michelangelo.
It was founded as a Fine Arts Academy in 1563 and has an extensive collection including other works by Michelangelo and artists such as Botticelli, Pontormo and Scheggia. It also has a room dedicated to an interesting exhibition of old musical instruments that belonged to the Médici family.
Like the Uffizi Galleries, this marvellous museum is one of the most visited in the city, since it houses many of the distinctive works of the Florentine Renaissance.
Florence protects the memories of great artists and priceless works that are part of the city’s heritage. The cultural atmosphere in the streets of Florence, together with the architectural richness inherited by the Florentines have made it into one of the most beautiful cities in the world.